Space

Artemis Astronauts will enjoy working with the efficient Lunar Gateway Instruments to predict space weather

Many people love anticipating the weather for the places they’ll be visiting to prepare adequately for the eventualities. Artemis astronauts are among the people who will be keen on such details. Luckily, the HERMES of NASA and ESA’s ERSA will help them predict the space weather along their path. The instruments will be measuring the solar wind hurling through the spacecraft’s path and the surroundings and sending it to the astronauts for application of the necessary measures. The two instruments take after two of Artemis’s siblings Ersa, the goddess of dew, Hermes, the Olympian gods’ messenger, and will be aboard the Gateway. The instruments observe the lunar radiation environment and send the crew’s data signals before they start their journey to the place.

The two agencies, NASA and ESA, will demonstrate their partnership by developing the two instruments to facilitate deep space weather observations and their reports being sent to Earth. The two agencies will be utilizing this opportunity to conduct research through the Gateway by deploying the technologies that they developed within this period. The two weather stations will share the responsibilities to avoid duplication of the same data. ERSA will be observing space radiations at high energies to ensure astronaut safety, whereas HERMES will investigate low energies vital for scientific experiments. One sure thing that the astronauts can expect is that they will be navigating through electric and magnetic fields charged by high energy particles with occasional solar storms in close proximity to the speed of light.

HERMES is an acronym for Heliophysics Environmental and Radiation Measurement Experiment Suite, which will be monitoring the phenomenon in magnetotail for NASA to compare the data with its THEMIS spacecraft’s and offer informed recommendations to the astronauts aboard the Gateway. This move will enable the astronauts to predict the incoming solar storms and adjust to the right protective mechanisms. The head of the exploration in the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate at NASA headquarters, Jacob Bleacher, stated that the deep space observations would help them prepare their astronauts and space resources to tackle the risks arising.

On the other hand, ERSA denotes European Radiation Sensors Array and will be investigating the eventualities of the solar wind to the astronauts and the hardware. The instrument will be observing the energetic particles in the cosmos and encamping around the Gateway. From these measurements, they can design better devices to protect the astronauts from venturing deep space.

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