Energy

China must force the realization of carbon neutrality to meet the growing electricity demand

China unveiled its plan to meet carbon neutrality in the electricity supplied to the consumer markets. The country rolled out this strategy through the Energy Transmissions Commission (ETC) and the Rocky Mountains Institute (RMI). This plan enumerates the clean energy sources that the country can switch to while eliminating the emissive fossil fuels that it was utilizing. The report plays recommendations to ensure the government arrives at net-zero carbon emissions at the end of this decade. All the strategies articulated in this report are plausible and technologically achievable within this period rather than the projected fourteen years.

The President of China, Xi Jinping, stated that they would be focusing on reducing carbon emissions within this decade hopefully realize net-zero emissions in the next three decades. These timeline targets are achievable since they factor in the population’s density and the period it would take to substitute the dependence on emissive fossil fuels with clean energy technology like solar and wind power. One of the strategies that will actualize this plan electrification of the systems like the transportation system. The replacement of gasoline cars with electric vehicles is the perfect solution to this equation, with Li Auto’s likes, Xpeng, and Nio demonstrating the capacity to manufacture these cars. Additionally, the energy sector ought to strive against the exploration or development of more coal energy plants.

The report makes the assumption that suppliers of electricity can clock 11000 TWh in their market supply, which is double the current capacity. Moreover, there must be no new coal plants feeding the growing demand, although the high electricity demand forced this sector to expand its production. Also, renewable energy sources must account for close to 30% of the energy supply by the end of this decade. The solar and wind energy projects have made considerable effort to link communities and provinces with clean energy through the grids they operate. Experts think that it would be great if the grids switch to clean energy sources and storage technology considered and ventured to ensure the constant supply of clean energy to the market.

Finally, the government and the stakeholders must invest in renewable energy sources, smoothen the bureaucratic procedures hindering renewables’ uptake, and invest in technological strategies. These procedures will transition to net-zero carbon emissions achievable while meeting the households’ energy demands and commercial businesses.

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