Science

TechnipFMC Wins the Offshore Hydrogen Production Pilot Support

The government of Norway has decided to help underwrite a demonstration project for a hydrogen-based offshore wind energy storage facility. The $11 million expense of the ‘Deep Purple’ initiative, driven by gas and oil EPC contractor TechnipFMC, will be funded by a recent grant reported on Thursday by the Innovation Norway. An offshore wind farm facility with a hydrogen electrolysis facility, seabed hydrogen storage tanks as well as a hydrogen fuel cell will be combined with the Deep Purple. Energy from the wind power would be transformed into hydrogen, which would be compressed, deposited, and then utilized to power fuel cells when more electricity is required.

The nominal performance of an electrolysis facility is usually in the range of 70% when transforming electricity into hydrogen. As per a recent report by CIMAC, solid-oxide, as well as PEM fuel cells, usually have a performance in the range of 60% from the hydrogen back to steam.  The cumulative energy losses from such two conversion phases are seen as a constraint on hydrogen as an electrical power storage medium; lithium-ion batteries are nearly 99% effective by contrast, while their energy capacity is poor. The hydrogen generated by the electrolysis facility of the Deep Purple can be piped to the shore as another alternative and being used as a fuel, TechnipFMC stated.

TechnipFMC is collaborating on the venture with the HYON consultancy for hydrogen networks, Vattenfall utility group, Repsol Oil Company, ABB Technology Company, DNV GL class society as well as others. The pilot’s overall expense is about $11 million. “A critical phase in the road to commercial exploitation is to obtain the permissions and financing to continue with a scale test,” stated Jonathan Landes. He serves as the president of the subsea at TechnipFMC. “We are appreciative to our partner organizations as well as to Innovation Norway for partnering with us as we progress viable renewables development. Deep Purple is yet another instance of our dedication to dealing with clients and sector to create transformative technologies, utilizing our sector know-how as well as subsea expert knowledge to deliver the Energy Transition.”

TechnipFMC claims that such a plan will “significantly decrease” the Norwegian continental shelf’s carbon emissions if introduced. Because oil and gas-producing offshore facilities are among the key contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, the primary source is the gas turbines used for the energy production by rigs. A group led by the TechnipFMC has explored the prospect of using the fuel cells powered by the hydrogen to substitute gas turbines on the gas and oil projects. Electrolyzer-produced hydrogen, theoretically mounted in the offshore wind turbines, will be stored in the tanks mostly on the seabed as well as fuel cells, which will also be located in turbines, will be used to generate platform electricity.

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